LED BY IIT-Madras, Indian Institutes of Technology continue to dominate the country’s higher education landscape, according to the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2022 released on Friday.
Be it engineering training, management or research, the leading institutes featured prominently in all categories of the ranking released by Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan in the presence of the Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC), Professor M Jagadesh Kumar and the President of AICTE, Professor Anil Sahasrabuddhe, among others.
IIT-Madras topped the General category for the fourth consecutive year and in Engineering for the seventh consecutive year. Director, Prof. V Kamakoti told The Indian Express that gaining Institute of Eminence (IoE) status has boosted research work at IIT-Madras, helping it retain its pole position.
“But we need to improve our student-faculty ratio. We aggressively try to get good teachers. This is important because more professors involve more students, more research, more awareness, more ideas, more projects. We will try to push it faster,” he said.
“The second part is perception, which is a very subjective matter. And we should raise awareness and be globally recognized as world renowned institutes. In a way, NIRF also helps us improve the perception factor,” Prof. Kamakoti said.
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), which topped the latest round of QS rankings among Indian institutes, was ranked second in the NIRF rankings like last year. The third to seventh slots were obtained by IIT-Bombay, IIT-Delhi, IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Roorkee and IIT-Guwahati, in a 2021 repeat, followed by AIIMS and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) .
Besides the dominance of older institutes, the performance of newer IITs stands out in the final round of the ranking, which has entered its seventh year. IIT-Jodhpur improved its ranking from 43 to 30, IIT-Mandi moved from 41 to 20, while Palakkad and Tirupati campuses entered the top 100 category (overall), managing the 68th and 56th places.
The top ranked private institutions are Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (16), Manipal Academy of Higher Education (17), Vellore Institute of Technology (18), Birla Institute of Technology & Science-Pilani (32), Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (34 ), SRM Institute of Science and Technology (36), Amity University (42).
The IISc, meanwhile, topped the university category for the seventh consecutive year and ranked first in the research institution category for the second consecutive year. AIIM held the top spot in the medical education category for the fifth consecutive year, while IIM-Ahmedabad remained the best institute in the management segment.
The National School of Law, University of India, Bengaluru retained the top post in law.
The list of colleges shows five from Delhi in the top 10: Miranda House (1), Hindu College (2), LSR (5), Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College (7), Kirori Mal College (10). Three colleges in Tamil Nadu – President College (3), Loyola College (4) and PSGR Krishnammal College for Women (6) – were also in the 10.
The other two spots were taken by St. Xavier’s College (8) and Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira (9), both based in West Bengal.
The parameters taken into account when preparing the NIRF are teaching, learning and resources (30%), research and professional practice (30%), results of graduation (20%) , awareness and inclusiveness (10%) and perception 10%.
The top 100 names include 40 central government-funded technical institutes and universities, 26 state universities, 24 reputable universities and six private universities.
“Unlike global rankings which place disproportionate weight on perception and internationalization (in terms of international students and international faculty), the NIRF relies on a data-based ranking, which is more objective, especially in a large higher education system like India, where only perception data can be misleading and amenable to manipulation,” the report states.
A total of 4,786 unique institutions submitted 7,254 requests for classification in general or domain-specific categories.
Pradhan said that in the future, accreditation and evaluation will be mandatory for higher education institutions.
“Only universities/colleges that have an NAAC ranking or an NIRF ranking will be eligible for inclusion on the list maintained by UGC under Section 12B of the UGC Act of 1956 to receive financial aid,” a he said, adding that from next year NIRF ranking categories will also include “innovation and entrepreneurship”.
“Soon there will be a system where every school is equally accredited. We will take state governments on board. Parents will know the status of the school where the child is admitted,” he said.